September 17, 2015
Architecture Nature

The bubble house concept is developed from the 1960s by architects such as Antti Lovag, Claude Costy and Pascal Haüsermann. In the US, in the 40s, Wallace Neff had built Bubble Houses (Litchfield Park, Arizona) using an inflated balloon on which the concrete was poured, forming an ellipsoidal dome. Near the end of World War II, architects were anticipating the post-war housing shortage. Neff wanted to create a solution that would not only meet this demand, but address the need for housing worldwide.
The veil of reinforced concrete without formwork is invented by Pascal Haüsermann who built for his father in 1959, Villa Dolmen in Grilly, in the Ain. The concrete is laid by hand or projected and remains caught in the reinforcement (sometimes decorated with fabric or metal grids). This process will be used for most homes bubbles, its implementation will be developed mainly by Claude Costy then by various self-builders.