Author:
Domus
Published:
July 5, 2016
Categories:
Architecture City Nature Visual arts

The sculpture park Las Pozas was created by Edward James, an eccentric poet and artist – also a great patron of the surrealist movement – in Xilitla, San Luis Potosi. The Pedro and Elena Hernandéz, A.C. Foundation has taken over the conservation of the garden´s sculptures in accordance with the guidelines established by the Mexican National Institute of Fine Arts. The architecture of Las Pozas represents an artistic and sculptural surrealistic group inspired in both orchids and the vegetation of the Huasteca Potosina. It combines representative elements of the surrealistic movement in which James was so immersed.  A fusion of organic and artificial, between jungle and concrete, that mixes two different worlds.

The origin of Las Pozas goes back to 1947 when Edward James purchased a coffee plantation near Xilitla, San Luis Potosi, and registered it in the name of Plutarco Gastelum, his close friend. During the first years Edward James kept Las Pozas as a plantation for his fabulous orchid collection and as a home for his different animal species – deer, ocelots, snakes, flamingos and other birds. In 1962, after an unprecedented frost destroyed a large portion of Edward James plantation, he began the construction of the sculptural garden we know today. More than 150 persons worked on the project including, carpenters, bricklayers and gardeners. The construction was halted in 1984, year in which Edward James passed away.  It was not until 1991 that the doors of the garden were opened to the public.
Edward James. Las Pozas
Fundación Pedro and Elena Hernandéz, A.C.
Xilitla, San Luis Potosi, Mexico

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